Sabtu, 20 Oktober 2012

Gout (Gouty Arthritis) and Hyperuricemia

suffered terribly

 Gout is a form of arthritis. It is also called gouty arthritis. Gout can cause an attack of sudden burning pain, stiffness, and swelling in a joint. Over time, gout attacks can harm your joints, tendons, and other tissues.

Gout is nine times more common in men than in women. It predominantly attacks males after puberty, with a peak age of 75. In women, gout attacks usually occur after menopause.

The term gout refers the disease that is caused by an overload of uric acid in the body. Eventually, this leads to painful arthritic attacks.

Normally, uric acid in blood travels to the kidneys, where it passes out in urine. Gout occurs when uric acid builds in the body and forms crystals in the joints or in soft tissue.

Paying attention to one's diet may help manage gout. People with gout should avoid regular daily intake of meat, seafood, and alcohol (especially beer), and drink plenty of water and other fluids.

Symptoms of gout generally include the following:
- Warmth, pain, swelling, and extreme tenderness in a joint
- Very red or purplish skin around the affected joint, which may appear to be infected 
- As the gout attack subsides, the skin around the affected joint may peel and feel itchy

The most common sign of gout is a nighttime attack of swelling, tenderness, redness, and sharp pain in the big toe. Gout attacks also appear in feet, ankles, knees, fingers, heels, and elbows.

An excessive amount of uric acid in the body can lead to kidney stones.

In addition to having a family history of gout, other risk factors include the following:
- Being male
- Obesity
- Heavy alcohol consumption
- Diets rich in meat and seafood
- Use of diuretics
- Use of aspirin
- Lead exposure
- Frequent dehydration

 suffers from acute gouty arthritis on his big toe

                                      Here is an example of gout affecting the elbow.

Using a sterile syringe and needle, fluid is withdrawn from the inflamed joint and then analyzed for uric acid crystals.

This fluid was obtained from crystal deposits in a patient with gout.

Severe gout in the fingers results in large, hard deposits of crystals of uric acid. These deposits are called tophi.

Gouty arthritis is a painful condition that results from crystals of uric acid depositing in joint tissues, causing attacks of joint inflammation (arthritis).

Gouty arthritis is characterized by a rapid onset of pain in the affected joint followed by warmth, swelling, reddish discoloration, and marked tenderness.

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